Sumerian writing both pictorial and phonetic. The system of writing employed by the Sumerians accords exactly with these general principles. Every sign is, in origin, a picture of some definite object of such a nature as would be most familiar to primitive man: parts of the body, the animal and vegetable kingdoms, the heavens, or various common utensils. But it is obvious that the range of any such picture's meaning can be somewhat extended by association of ideas.
The Elder Futhark, used for writing Proto-Norse, consists of 24 runes that often are arranged in three groups of eight. The earliest known sequential listing of the full set of 24 runes dates to approximately AD 400 and is found on the Kylver Stone in Gotland, Sweden.
The Book of Changes is both an oracular medium and a book of wisdom, but it doesn't try to answer why we are here or where are we going after death; instead it focuses in the business of living. It is also a human attempt to throw light in the natural laws that command change.